Structured products are bonds
Legally, structured products are bonds (claims), so that the default risk of these securities (the same as for bond issues) depends on the creditworthiness of the issuer, or provider of security respectively. Which is the reason issuers’ or security providers’ credit ratings should influence structured product choices.
The SSPA is now publishing credit ratings, credit spreads and core capital ratios (tier 1 ratings) of its members, alphabetically and in order of issuer (issue vehicle).
Credit ratings, credit spreads and core capital ratios (tier 1 ratings) refer to the issuer, or provider of security in the case that claims against the issuer are covered by a guarantee or other security such as letter of responsibility or keep-well agreements. In the latter case, the nature of the security is also stated. This information, together with a structured product’s term sheet, allows investors to quickly and simply determine liable parties and the extent of their liability.
Credit spreads help investors to obtain a better understanding of an issuer’s or security provider’s creditworthiness. The information refers to corporate bonds of one-year’s and five-year’s duration respectively. The base points listed represent the investor’s hypothetical insurance premium to cover against the default of the issuer’s structured products. Credit spreads provide more accurate and current creditworthiness information on issuers. A small spread typically indicates high creditworthiness.
Credit ratings refer to the respective provider of the guarantee. In principle this is the group’s parent company (special cases are described). Individual credit ratings by Moody’s, S&P and Fitch are shown separately. The rating agencies have not assessed all issuers.
Core capital ratio (tier 1 ratings)
The «tier 1» core capital ratio (according to Basel II) is the ratio of core capital and risk-weighted credit amounts. The core capital is made up of the share capital, disclosed reserves and profit carried forward. Equity requirements according to Basel II require a minimum tier 1 rating of 4%.
Please note that issuers’ rating, credit spread and core capital ratio are only three of several criteria influencing the choice of a structured product. The information below should not be considered investment advice, nor does it constitute an offer or recommendation to buy or sell a product or take the place of a person-to-person consultation. Rather than investing in a single product, we recommend diversification. This prevents a single product in an investment portfolio from gaining too much weight, and in cases of default having too great an effect on the portfolio’s overall value.
Rating, credit spread and core capital ratio information is provided by the issuers. The SSPA and the issuers listed are in no way responsible for the completeness or accuracy of the information. No special verification procedures were performed.
The following table «Issuer Creditworthiness» gives an overview of issuers´/guarantors´ credit ratings and credit spreads. The table «Core Capital Ratio» shows issuers´/guarantors´ core capital ratios (tier 1 ratings). Credit ratings and credit spreads are updated weekly, core capital ratios (tier 1 ratings) quarterly.
SSPA’s Risk Figure uses the Value at Risk (VaR) approach to estimate a structured product’s market risk. To facilitate ranking, structured products are allocated to one of six risk categories, category 6 representing the highest risk for investment in a product and category 1 the lowest risk. The Risk Figure is calculated daily and made available to the general public.
The intervals of the six risk categories are reviewed weekly. Adjustments are made as needed. For further information regarding the SSPA Risk Figure and/or the interval adjustment please refer to the documents on the side.
Risk Class / Risk Perception: Low
Var Interval: 0-1
Comparable to: Money Market, Deposits
Risk Class / Risk Perception: Moderate
Var Interval: 1-5
Comparable to: Bonds
Risk Class / Risk Perception: Medium
Var Interval: 5-9
Comparable to: Mixed Portfolio Bonds / Shares
Risk Class / Risk Perception: Increased
Var Interval: 9-14
Comparable to: Blue Chips
Risk Class / Risk Perception: High
Var Interval: 14-29
Comparable to: Small / Mid Caps, Emerging Markets
Risk Class / Risk Perception: Very high
Var Interval: 29-100
Comparable to: Options, Futures
The SSPA categorization model consists of three hierarchy levels. On the top level the model distinguishes investment products from leverage products. These two main categories are made up of five product categories on the second level, ranging from the low-risk capital protection products to the higher risk leverage products with knock-out.
On the third hierarchy level, each of these five product categories comprises a number of specific product types. These product types illustrate how a single structured product functions by means of its respective payoff diagram. The descriptions also provide further information on the investor’s market expectations as well as product-specific characteristics.
Categorization model: Investment Products
Investment Products with Reference Entities
Categorization model: Leverage Products
Participation: Bonus Certificate (1320)
- Underlying moving sideways or rising
- Underlying will not breach Barrier during product lifetime
- Participation in development of the underlying
- Minimum redemption is equal to the nominal provided the barrier has not been breached
- If the barrier is breached the product changes into a Tracker Certificate
With greater risk multiple underlyings (Worst-of) allow for a higher bonus level or lower barrier
- Smaller risk of loss than with direct investment in the underlying
What is Swiss Derivative Map?
The product types as defined by the Association are listed in easy-to-understand form on the Swiss Derivative Map©. The map, produced in cooperation with Payoff.ch (Derivative Partners) of financial newspaper Finanz und Wirtschaft and SIX Swiss Exchange, is available free of charge as a folder or poster. You agree to allow our partners who enable the free-of-charge order to have access to your contact details, which they may use for information purposes.
The SSPA will no longer reproduce the product index on the revised Swiss Derivative Map. This has freed up space in the new edition of the Swiss Derivative Map for investor information and decision-making aids on using structured products in asset management.
Please mail the Swiss Derivative Map© to the following address, free of charge:
You can also download the Swiss Derivative Map ©